A rather slow progression?
||27th March 2018
Indian policymakers realized the importance of revamping the land records management system during the latter half of 1980s. Since then, there have been various modernization programmes directed towards updating and computerizing the existing land records, digitizing all the cadastral maps, simplifying the process of transfer and registering of property.
The first of these centrally-funded programmes – Computerization of Land Records (CLR), and Strengthening of Land Administration and Updating of Land Records (SLA &ULR) – were rolled out as pilot projects in the early 1990s. Over the subsequent years, CLR was emulated throughout the country. The National Land Records Modernization Programme (NLRMP), undertaken in 2008, encompassed the previous efforts of the government. The most recent format is the Digital India Land Records Modernization Programme (DILRMP). It aims to develop a modern, comprehensive and transparent land records management system in the country with the objective of moving towards a conclusive land-titling system with title guarantee, instead of the existing presumptive-titling system.
DILRMP includes the following components – computerization of land records, computerization of registration, survey/ re-survey activities, digitization of cadastral maps, establishment of modern record rooms and real-time updating of spatial data (maps) with textual data (such as, Record of Rights or RORs). Until 2008, around 80 per cent of the total funds released under CLR, SLA &ULR, had been utilized. And till September 2017, 64 per cent of the total funds released under DILRMP (previously, NLRMP) have been utilized by the states. In totality, around INR 1585 crores have been spent by the Centre (excluding the states’ expenditure) for modernization of land records.